All over India, Dussehra festival is celebrated, where in North durga pooja is celebrated in different forms and different styles. In south India it is called Navarathri and on the navami (9th) day, all the practical instruments which we use and the books we use should be kept on pooja and should not be used until the next day. Today on Navami, Ayudh pooja is conducted all over south India. Children will be quite happy, since they need not study for one whole day, and they are not allowed to write or read for one day until the book is kept in pooja, so they feel as it’s the only time to play wholeheartedly. Next day it is taken out from pooja and children start by reading few lines of text from the books kept in pooja.
The Devi Durga which is worshipped has three figures-Uma, Gauri and Parvati, where Uma is the light, Gauri is brilliant yellow and parvathi is the goddess of whole world. Kali, Chandi and Bhairavi are three forms of Durga- where Kali, the black, Chandi, the fierce and Bhairavi, the terrible, all being the creations of god.
According to the legend, Mahishasur a demon who acquired immense strength were unable to be fought by even Lord Vishnu or Lord Shiva. Only the Durga with her eighteen arms was able to kill Mahishasura. Durga was known for her anger, aggressiveness, courage and valor. Thus goddess Durga was called by people for saving from the violent powers of evil. Durga Pooja which is celebrated well especially in Bengal is in her honor, for the victory over evilness.
Singing, dancing (especially Dandia Dance-dance with two sticks in hand), sending sweets and gifts to others are part of this celebration. This lasts for about 4 days in Kolkata. Some last moments of celebration was done on Navami and Dashami after Astami. On the Dasami day (10th day of Navarathri) Aarathi is taken and that is the end of the festival.